INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION - SMOKE CONTROL SYSTEMS
INTRODUCTION - SMOKE CONTROL SYSTEMS
Smoke causes the most casualties in the event of a fire. Therefore, smoke control systems have been used for many decades to protect people, buildings and goods from the consequences of fire. There are many different reasons to install a smoke control system. Sometimes, the user or owner of a building requires this to limit his/her fire risks. But governments can also impose a smoke control system as a condition for granting a building or environmental permit. Where the fire safety requirements of the Building Decree 2012 cannot be met for some reason, installation of the correct type of smoke control system may provide equivalent protection.
An inspection certificate of the system is often required to ensure that the smoke control system offers sufficient protection against the risk against which cover is required. This provides the assurance that the smoke control system meets the requirements, not only upon delivery but throughout its lifetime, and that it offers the protection one can reasonably expect from it.
SCOPE - SMOKE CONTROL SYSTEMS
There are roughly three types of smoke control systems.
- A smoke and heat dissipation system (RWA - rook- en warmteafvoersysteem) allows safe escape in the event of a fire, ensures that the fire brigade can fight the fire from the inside, dissipates enough smoke and heat to allow mopping-up after extinguishing, and limits the fire damage to a building.
- Impulse ventilation systems, which are usually used in underground parking garages, normally provide exhaust gas discharge, but can be set to full power in the event of a fire for rapid smoke discharge.
- Overpressure systems cause overpressure in a stairwell, for example, in the event of a fire, so that these important escape routes remain free of smoke.
A large number of standards apply for the certification of a smoke control system:
BR 368; NEN1087; NPR 6095-1; NEN 6098; NFPA 92; NFPA 92A; NFPA 92B; NFPA 204; NPR-CEN/TR 12101-4; NPR-CEN/TR 12101-5; NEN-EN 12101-6; NPR 6095-2; SBR publication 233; TNO report B-90-084; 96-CVB-T0330 (part 1 to 4); VdS 2098; VdS 2221;VdS CEA 4020; Technical Paper 7; Technical paper 10.
Depending on the derived objective of the smoke control system, a starting point document should specify which of the above mentioned standards are applicable for the relevant system.
CERTIFICATION - CCV INSPECTION SCHEDULES
What does a certification process look like? Inspections can be carried out on derived objectives in accordance with the CCV-inspectieschema Brandbeveiliging (CCV inspection schedule - Fire protection). The starting principles, the detailed design and the final installation are assessed, after which an inspection certificate can be issued upon approval.
Bureau Veritas is accredited by the Raad van Accreditatie (RvA - Dutch Accreditation Council) for carrying out inspection work under registration number I 0002, Type A independent inspection institution (see also RVA.nl). This applies to inspections for derived objectives and inspections on standard conformity.
For additional information about services and the application possibilities, please contact the Fire department directly on 088 4505670